Infographic on Prevention and Treatment on Coronary Artery Disease

Posted on April 25, 2023

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of heart attack and stroke, and the leading cause of death worldwide. With this in mind, it’s important to be aware of the causes, symptoms, and preventive measures for CAD. To better illustrate these tips, we have created an infographic that gives visual representations of these simple steps for preventing and treating coronary artery disease.

Coronary Artery Disease is one of the most common heart diseases in the world. CAD is a narrowing of the coronary arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart

    1. CAD is 3rd leading cause of mortality worldwide
    2. CAD cause 17.8 million deaths annually

Coronary Artery Disease Develops in Two Ways

    Chronic – Narrowing of coronary arteries over times and limiting the blood supply to part of the muscle

    Acute – Resulting from a sudden rupture of a plaque and formation of a thrombus or blood cot

Know The Warning Signs of Coronary Artery Disease

    1. Shortness in breath
    2. Fatigue
    3. Chest pain
    4. Nausea/ Vomiting
    5. Even heart attack

What Causes The Coronary Artery Diseases

    1. High blood pressure / Cholesterol
    2. Smoking
    3. Diabetes
    4. Being overweight
    5. Aging
    6. Poor diet
    7. Emotional Stress
    8. Excessive alcohol consumption

How to Prevent Coronary Artery Disease

    1. Adapt a healthy eating plan
    2. Manage stress
    3. Exercise regularly
    4. Know your numbers
    5. Get to a healthy body weight
    6. Don’t smoke

How to Treat Coronary Artery Disease

    1. Lifestyle changes
    2. Medications for high cholesterol, high blood pressure
    3. Keep your diabetes controlled
    4. Procedure/ Surgeries

Diagnosing Coronary Artery Disease

    Chest x-ray: Able to identify overt abnormalities in the shape and size of the heart, lungs and blood vessels

    Electrocardiogram: An EKG can detect arrhythmias, current or previous heart attacks and the likelihood of coronary artery disease

    Echocardiogram: This ultrasound procedure, which is also referred to as an echo, detects structural abnormalities in the heart

    Stress test: A cardiac stress test uses either exercise or medication to measure the heart’s response to stress

    Cardiac catheterization: An invasive procedure that may be performed if preliminary testing or symptoms lead your physician

To learn more about preventing coronary artery disease

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