Posted on February 27, 2023
Cardiopulmonary disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death globally. In 2015, CVD caused 7.1 million deaths, constituting one in eight global deaths. The leading causes of CVD are ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In the United States, IHD was the leading cause of death for men and women in 2016. COPD was the leading cause of death for both men and women in 2016. According to World Health Organization, approximately 1.1 billion people worldwide are living with cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the number one cause of death and disability. CVD accounts for nearly half of all NCD deaths, or 17 million people each year. In the US alone, the economic impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) costs Americans more than $200 billion per year.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of disability and death in the world. According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year.
1. Number of cardiovascular disease deaths are predicted to increase to 23.3 million by 2030
2. Globally, they account for 110 million cases and approximately 19 million deaths
3. 33% of all deaths worldwide happens due to cardiovascular diseases
4. One third of these deaths occur prematurely in people under 70 years of age
5. >75% of CVD deaths take place in low and middle income countries
6. Ischemic heart disease and stroke combined account for 80% of all cardiovascular disease
Coronary heart disease – a disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle;
Cerebrovascular disease – a disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain;
Peripheral arterial disease – a disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs;
Rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves
Congenital heart disease – birth defects that affect the normal development and functioning of the heart
Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.
1. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women
2. In 2020, heart disease killed over 382,776 men and 314,186 women
1. The average age at which most men experience a heart attack is 65, while for women, it’s 72.
2. Women aged 45-65 who have a heart attack are more likely than their male counterparts to die within a year.
3. Women older than 65 who experience a heart attack are more likely than men of the same age to die within a few weeks
1. Approximately 1.5 million heart attacks and strokes occur in the USA each year
2. Someone in the U.S. has a stroke every 40 seconds, accounting for one out of every 19 deaths.
3. Cerebrovascular disease was responsible for 7 million deaths worldwide in 2021.
4. Approximately 605,000 new heart attacks and 200,000 recurrent heart attacks occur yearly
5. Heart attacks, strokes, and heart failure caused 2.2 million hospitalizations in 2016
6. Acute myocardial infarctions accounted for 260,000 emergency room visits
7. cerebrovascular disease accounted for another 492,000
1. Cardiovascular disease and stroke cost $351.2 billion in healthcare
2. Researchers expect that CVD costs will rise to $749 billion by 2035
3. The National Institutes of Health spent more than $1.5 billion on heart disease research in 2021
4. 1 in every 6 healthcare dollars is spent on cardiovascular disease
5. Hospitalization for a heart attack costs a median $53,384, and bypass surgery can cost $85,891 to $177,546
6. Individuals with hypertension spend approximately $2,000 per year on health care
3. Previous Stroke/Heart Attack
1. High blood pressure
2. High cholesterol
3. Lack of activity
Know more about Cardiovascular Disease and ways to prevent & save lives.